Sprinkler Irrigation
Sprinkling is the method of applying water to the soil surface in the form of a spray which is somewhat similar to rain. Various irrigation methods have been developed over time to meet the irrigation needs of certain crops in specific areas. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. Traditional method of irrigation are cheaper but less efficient.Pumps are commonly used for lifting water.These pumps run by electricity,diesel,biogas or solar energy. The sub surface irrigation method consists of  supplying water firectly to the root zone of the crop. Earlier, stationary overhead perforated pipe installations were used. Flood irrigation is an ancient method of irrigating crops. have utilized this form of irrigation to grow their crops. Strip Irrigation method; Here, the farmland is divided into a number of strips. About 5 % of the irrigated areas are by this method. what is irrigation describe two methods of irrigation which conserve water. These pipes have holes in them. There are mainly three methods- surface irrigation, subsurface irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. What irrigation method Will you Use? Border is again classified in to two as straight and contour. 9 Advantages and Disadvantages of Border Strip Method of Irrigation Systems By Riyo Posted on April 3, 2019. Good irrigation method results in increased yield and conservation of resources with soil productivity maintained and water utilised economically. c) Drip or Trickle Irrigation: Applying water slowly to the soil ideally at the same rate with crop consumption. A Novel Method of Drip Irrigation Innovation by: yogesh dayma , Publish Date : August 24, 2018 Nowadays farmer prefers different irrigation systems in which drip irrigation is prime.Drip irrigation has the potential to save water as well as provides nutrients to the roots of plant. It’s an essential daily management practice for a farm manager growing irrigated crops. These strips are constructed according to the slope. mainly the efficiency of this method of irrigation depends on type of soil and crop, etc. Required fields are marked *. hort. The greatest advantage of sprinkler irrigation is its adaptabilities to use under conditions where surface irrigatin methods are not efficient. Subsurface irrigation is again divided into natural sub-irrigation and artificial sub-irrigation. Each method has its own merits and demerits, depending on the soil, topography, type of crops, climate, water availability and quality, and investment, which are the guiding factors for selecting an adequate irrigation method. Proper drainage of excess water is permitted, either naturally or with the other drainage works to prevent water logging of the fields. The various sources of water are wells, ponds, lakes, canals, tube-wells, and even dams. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. Irrigation offers moisture required for growth and development, germination, and other related functions. In this farm-water application method, water is applied to the soil in the form of a spray through a network of pipes and pumps. Usually round basins are made for small trees and square basin for large trees. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in turn increases the income of the farmers. The length of each strip depends on the land’s angle of slope plus the location of the reservoir. Water is made to pass under pressure, through these underground perforated pipes. A pump usually lifts the water from the source, pushes it through the distribution system and through the sprinkler nozzle on the sprinkler heads mounted on rising pipes attached to the laterals. Irrigation has stabilized the output and yield levels. Straight furrows and contour furrows are its subdivisions. The Greeks, the Chinese, the Romans, etc. One chapter is devoted to the choice of an appropriate irrigation method. Sub-surface III. A portable system has both portable mains lines and laterals. There are There are three commonly used methods: surface irrigation, sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation. For this purpose, water is supplied to a series of ditches half to one metre deep and 25 to 50cm wide having vertical sides. The manual describes in some detail the basin and furrow irrigation methods. Sometimes the upward capiliary water flow from shallow water table may produce saline and alkali conditions and may make the land less productive. On the cost side not only the construction and installation, but also the operation and maintenance (per hectare) should be taken into account. Drip Irrigation, also known as Micro, trickle, or localized irrigation, involves an economical use of water sources where there is no or little natural water.This method of farming has received worldwide attention from researchers, economists, and policymakers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This method can vary in different regions. A boundary called ‘Med’ is formed to separate the strips. Before choosing an irrigation method, an estimate must be made of the costs and benefits of the available options. A civil engineering graduate from College of Engineering - Trivandrum who is piqued by the power of contents to the lives of people around. Sprinkler system can be classified under 3 heads. Moisture reaches the plant roots through capillary action. This method of irrigation is adopted mainly in orchards. It helps to increase productivity even in low rainfall. 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method of irrigation

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